Bossuet was born of a family of magistrates. His argument is simple enough. He was ordained a priest on 18 March Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
Without rules, an organized society cannot hold together, and rules require an authorized interpreter. Gennady Stolyarov II G.
Ginn,2: Thus, Bossuet's theological defense of absolute monarchy essentially amounts to giving the monarch absolute free rein to do as he pleases. Royal authority is absolute. The choice was scarcely fortunate.
That is what made him so stalwart a champion of authority in all its forms: And since people form government, it was in their power to alter it and to institute new government.
Now you can believe whatever you want--but when it comes to public worship, you must conform. The Oraison, as its name betokened, stood midway between the sermon proper and what would nowadays be called a biographical sketch.
Voices inwhere it received over 5, page views. Bossuet was by nature very intellectual and had been nourished on theologyand thus he was unable to understand a form of mysticism that consisted of passive devotional contemplation and total abandonment to the divine presence of God.
Political and theological disputes resulted in some changes to the work, but it was finally published in Sources[ edit ] Unlike most of his contemporaries, in this work, Bossuet has only minimal recourse to classical sources.
No--when the people of Israel wanted a king, Samuel warned them against it: For the time being, however, Cornet and Arnaud were still on good terms. In his two treatises on Government, Locke attempts to show why the change was perfectly legitimate--and, incidently, comes up with an exceedingly important theory of government.
And yet another 17th century thinker, John Locke, came up with what seems to me an even more convincing argument for limited government. Monarchy is by far the best choice, says Hobbes. Ever since the early days at Metzhe had been busy with schemes for uniting the Huguenots to the Catholic Church.
In Bossuet became bishop of Meauxa post he held until his death. First Book — Of the principles of human society[ edit ] First Article.
Are the English better off when they submit to their kings, or when they start civil wars? Second Book — On authority: Well, which right would we end up excercising most? Masterpieces of French classical prose, these orations display dignity, balance, and slow thematic development; they contain emotionally charged passages but are organized according to logical argumentation.
He explained his view that the goal of human life should be to have love of God as its perfect object, with neither fear of punishment nor desire for the reward of eternal life having anything to do with this pure love of God. Like Bossuet, Hobbes saw strong government as key to avoiding civil war and disorder, but while he often uses Bible stories to illustrate his points, his main argument is based, not on scriptural teaching, but on nature.
It holds all the realm in position, as God holds the earth. But it is God who places this responsibility on the king, and to God alone that he is answerable.
This essay was originally written in and published on Associated Content subsequently, Yahoo!Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet () was France's most important exponent of absolutism during the seventeenth century. The foremost orator of his day, he was also tutor to Louis XIV's son, Louis the Dauphin, and an influential Bishop.
On 30 SeptemberBossuet was named tutor to Louis XIV's only son, the 9-year old Louis. Bossuet was responsible for the youth's religious, philosophical, and political upbringing for the next eleven years. Ancien Regime is the term used to describe the old system of government and society in Europe before the French Revolution.
(Ancien is simply French for 'old.') In most countries, but not all, the ancien regime was characterized by the political system of absolutism and the social system of privilege.
Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet () was a theologian at the court of the French "Sun King" Louis XIV; Bossuet was one of history's most fervent defenders of absolute monarchy.
For him, only God stands above the person of the king, and the king's authority cannot be challenged by any other human being. God, who created all men from the same earth and equally placed His image and likeness in their souls, did not establish distinctions among them so that some might be proud and others slaves and wretches.
Jacques-Bénigne Lignel Bossuet (French: ; 27 September – 12 April ) was a French bishop and theologian, renowned for his sermons and other addresses. He has been considered by many to be one of the most brilliant orators of all time and a masterly French stylist.
Court preacher to Louis XIV of France, Bossuet was a strong advocate of political absolutism .Download